How To Design A Movie Poster – With An ExamplePosted on 13
In this University project we had to learn how to design a movie poster. We had to consider the role of imaging in a graphic design context and the task involved the conceptualisation, design and production of an original cinematic film poster.
In this fictional example our brief was to create a poster for a film that is being re released for a contemporary audience. eg. recreate King Kong for a modern audience in a refreshed manner.
We were given a list of 8 famous movie directors and we could choose any of them to base our poster on. Once we had chosen the director we then had to choose a movie that they had directed and then we had to create a modern day poster for the movie.
We had to use photography as the prominent piece of the design and we could not base the design on existing movie posters.
When you first encounter a brief the first thing you should do is research. I researched the eight directors to find a style and a movie that I wanted to create a poster for.
I ended up coming down to Alfred Hitchcock’s classic movie “Suspicion“. A very short synopsis of this romantic physiological thriller is below.
Johnny Aysgarth is a handsome playboy who lives by borrrowing money from his friends. He meets and marries shy Lina Mclaidlaw, but after their honeymoon, the girl finds out Johnny’s true character and becomes suspicious of his behavior. Lina starts believing her husband is a murderer and she fears that she could be his next victim.
I then researched into the film category which in this case was film noir. I read through the plot on Wikipedia highlighting important facts / figures / items as I went along and I gathered the frames below from the original trailer for the movie on YouTube as well as the original posters released for the movie which I found on imdb. You can see all of this in the image below.
I also researched on what current movie posters looked like today and this site was a huge resource for me. Be careful clicking on the link because it is a big load.
After a lot of research it was now time to start brainstorming up different concepts and poster designs for the movie. You can see some of my sketches and brainstorming below. Scratch that, not even worth scanning, I didn’t realise how bad they were.
Remember the key poster design points that I outlined in this poster design tips post.
A poster should be:
- Aesthetic – It should get attention so the message is delivered.
- Focused – It should focus and communicate on a single message.
- Ordered – The sequence should be well-ordered and obvious.
You should also remember a poster is going to printed in a relatively large format so anything you do should be done using a high resolution. ie. Use a high resolution setting on your camera or scanner when digitising your concepts. A good starting point is at least 150ppi.
You should also consider other factors of the poster design such as the film title, classification, leading cast, distributors, directors, producers etc. The best way to find out what should be on a poster is by looking at other poster designs.
After you believe you have an idea of where you want to go then this is the time to bring it to life. Go out and take the photos you need, get the material you need and begin creating the poster.
Remember to experiment and play around with your original ideas as you can always improve on your original ideas.
Concept Behind My Poster
For my poster, the idea I came down to was using the “infamous glowing cup” that was featured in the movie (illuminated by a hidden light to make it seem surreal) as seen above. There is a story behind this cup which I will tell you know…
The movie as you guessed is based around suspicion and Lina, the wife of Johnny gets so suspicious of him that quoted from the plot synopsis “She cannot even stay in the same room at night with him, and when he brings a simple glass of milk to her before bed, Lina is filled with dread. She fears that Johnnie now plots to poison her, and collect the money from her life insurance.” - In simple terms, she is so suspicious she can’t even trust a glass of milk from her husband.
It is actually quite interesting because in the original novel she knows the milk is poisoned (and it was) and she gulps it down knowingly however in the 1941 movie, the milk is left untouched and there is an alternate ending (a car chase) which leaves viewers thinking whether or not Johhny was innocent or not proving how important this glass of milk is to the central theme of the movie.
Anyway, after reading about this glowing milk I just had to incorporate it into the poster some how so I focused around this point in my brainstorming and came up with the idea of showing Johnny just about to walk up the stairs to give her the poisoned milk – I wonder what he would be thinking?
I purposely made the glass of milk very white and even gave it a slight glow. I made the actual scene black and white and grainy to depict the original black and white film noir style and to give a mysterious look. The red colour was to used to portray murder which is a constant theme throughout the movie.
Above you can see the original shots that I used for creation of the poster, one featuring my lovely hand that was flipped for the poster and the other pic, a nice staircase. The rest was up to Photoshop. It was shot with a 7.1mp Olympus 720SW Handycam on the Macro setting. The staircase is actually curling around like in the original 1941 movie which is another small detail that you might have picked up on?
The edges of the border were done using Photoshop brushes and masking. The movie logos seen at the very bottom of the poster were grabbed from Brands Of The World.
Let’s see how my poster sums up to the tips I mentioned above.
- A poster should be Aesthetic – It should get attention so the message is delivered.
The bright contrasting red and unusual white glass figure draws attention into the poster.
- A poster should be Focused – It should focus and communicate on a single message.
The black and white style portrays the film noir style of the film as well as portraying a mysterious feel to the poster overall – the image leaves you wondering what is going to happen.
- A poster should be Ordered – The sequence should be well-ordered and obvious.
A large heading and a large image draw your eye into the image and there is a clear hierarchy of information. There is a balance between the word suspicion and the glass of milk which makes you think they are related, ie. What is suspicious about the milk? The next thing you would probably read would be either the “A film by Alfred Hitchcock” or the bottom tag line which both are red. The key parts of the poster are all in red which helps help give the reader a hierarchy of information.
And there we have it, that is how to make a movie poster. As always, harsh constructive criticism is welcome, it is due in 2 weeks so I have time to improve things. Oh and the movie is due to release early 2009. (Just kidding, but I wish it was.)
Update: Top 100 Posters of all time. A great resource. I am thinking maybe the Casablanca (#12) font could work for my poster. My favourite is #77 the A.I Cover and #7 just because it is so cheeky.
After receiving some great feedback from the comments below, here are some revised versions.
Milk Photo above is All Rights Reserved of OhSillyMonkey.
Below you can see the revisions from the original.
- Changed typefaces to Futura.
- Darkened the whole poster, removing more of the greyscale.
- Moved stairs further up in the poster
- Added glow to milk
- Moved title to bottom of poster
- Added suit sleeve + white shirt onto the arm.
After receiving some more great feedback from the comments below, here are some revised versions and a mock up.
Quick Mock Up
What do you think of the revised versions?